hasp
Haskaps

Haskaps

(Lonicera caerulea)

This is an exciting new crop for the Prairies! You may know it as blue honeysuckle, haskap or honeyberry, but whatever you call it, it has great potential as a hardy, no-nonsense fruit that has few insect and disease pests and requires little effort. The flavor has been described as a blend of raspberries and blueberries, but it really has its own unique taste. Another great thing is their early harvest. Ripe fruit are often ready by the end of June.

Cultivars

Aurora

Bloom time: End of April to end of May

Fruit:

  • Size: 1.9-2.17g
  • Flavor: Excellent, really sweet, lowest acid
  • Shape: Somewhat pointed pear
  • Productivity: High
  • Harvest: Beginning of July to mid July
  • Uses: Commercial processing, fresh eating
  • Other: Fruit easily seen on bushes

Bush:

  • Shape: Upright and spreading
  • Height: 1.5-2.0m
  • Mildew resistance: High resistance

Compatible with:

  • Borealis
  • Honeybee
  • Indigo Gem (9-15)
  • Indigo Treat (9-91)
  • Indigo Yum (9-92)
  • Tundra

*For OK and poor companions please check compatibility chart.

 

 

Berry Smart Blue

Bloom time: End of April to end of May

Fruit:

  • Size: 0.6-1.0 g
  • Flavor: Not as sweet as U of S cultivars
  • Shape: Tubular Productivity: N/A
  • Harvest: Late June to the beginning of July
  • Uses: Commercial processing
  • Other: From One Green World Nursery in Oregon

Bush:

  • Shape: Tall, and straight
  • Height: 1.75-2.5m

Compatible with:

  • Borealis
  • Indigo Gem (9-15)
  • Indigo Treat (9-91)
  • Indigo Yum (9-92)
  • Tundra

*For OK and poor companions please check compatibility chart.

Boreal Beast NEW 2018

Bloom Time: Early May to mid-June (Starts when Boreal Blizzard starts and ends when Boreal Beauty ends)

Fruit:

  • Size: 2.0g
  • Flavor: Excellent, very nice aroma and aftertaste
  • Shape: Thick heart or thick oval
  • Productivity: Good
  • Harvest: Mid July to the end of July
  • Uses: Processing, fresh eating
  • Other: Bush habit and even ripening indicate this cultivar is suited for mechanical harvesting

Bush:

  • Shape: Strongly upright
  • Height:    1.75-2.5m
  • Mildew resistance: Excellent

Compatible with:

*For OK and poor companions please check compatibility chart.

Boreal Beauty NEW 2017

Bloom Time: Early May to mid-June

Fruit:

  • Size: 2.6g
  • Flavor: Excellent
  • Shape: Thick oval
  • Productivity: Heavy
  • Harvest: Beginning of August to mid August
  • Uses: Commercial processing, fresh eating
  • Other: Heavy, firm fruit.
    • Has mechanical harvesting characteristics

Bush:

  • Shape: Upright, sturdy
  • Height: 1.75-2.5m
  • Mildew resistance: Excellent resistance

Compatible with:

*For OK and poor companions please check compatibility chart.

Boreal Blizzard NEW 2018

Bloom time: Early May to early June

Fruit:

  • Size: Large berry (2.8g avg)
  • Flavor: Excellent (similar to Aurora)
  • Shape: Surfboard, rounded with narrower ends, wide center, flattened a bit
  • Productivity: Heavy
  • Harvest: Mid July to late July
  • Uses: Good for processing and u-pick
  • Other: Fruit twice as heavy as Tundra and Borealis.
    • Very meaty, firm (firmer than Gem).
    • Fruit drop 3 weeks after ripe

Bush:

  • Shape: Upright, and strong grower
  • Height: 1.75 -2.25m (50% taller than Indigo Gem)
  • Mildew resistance: Excellent

Compatible with:

  • Boreal Beast (starts at the same time and goes for longer)
  • Read more here

*For OK and poor companions please check compatibility chart.

Borealis

Bloom time: End of April to end of May

Fruit:

  • Size: 1.6 g
  • Flavor: Excellent
  • Shape: Oval and boxy
  • Productivity: High
  • Harvest: Beginning of July to mid July
  • Uses: Best for u-pick and home gardens
  • Other: Not suitable for mechanically harvesting as it has soft fruit, and bruises easily.
    • Thick, compact growth habit may have more appeal as a landscape shrub

Bush:

  • Shape: Wide spreading
  • Height: 1.5-1.8m
  • Mildew resistance: Very High resistance

Compatible with:

  • Aurora
  • Honeybee
  • Berry Blue

*For OK and poor companions please check compatibility chart.

Honeybee

Unavailable until Fall 2017

Bloom time: End of April to end of May

Fruit:

  • Size: 1.9g
  • Flavor: Tarter than the other cultivars
  • Shape: Cylindrical
  • Productivity: High
  • Harvest: Beginning of July to mid July
  • Uses: Good for juicing, wine making,  and making jelly
  • Other: Fast growing, productive and starts fruiting at an early age.
    • Stays on bush longer than most other cultivars.
    • Not recommended for mechanical harvesting,as the stems remain on the fruit, unless processing.

Bush:

  • Shape: Upright, and tall
  • Height: 1.75-2.25m

Compatible with:

  • Aurora
  • Borealis
  • Indigo Gem (9-15)
  • Indigo Treat (9-91)
  • Indigo Yum (9-92)
  • Tundra

*For OK and poor companions please check compatibility chart.

Indigo Gem (9-15)

Bloom time: End of April to end of May

Fruit:

  • Size: 1.3 g
  • Flavor: Excellent flavor, chewy texture
  • Shape: Short, oval shaped berries
  • Productivity: High
  • Harvest: Late June to the beginning of July
  • Uses: Commercial processing, fresh eating
  • Other: Preferred over Indigo Treat (9-91) and Indigo Yum (9-92)

Bush:

  • Shape: Weeping branches
  • Height: 1.5-2m

Compatible with:

  • Aurora
  • Berry Smart Blue
  • Honeybee

*For OK and poor companions please check compatibility chart.

 

Indigo Treat (9-91)

Bloom time: End of April to end of May

Fruit:

  • Size: 1.41g
  • Flavor: Excellent, sweet tangy
  • Shape: Flat, cylindrical
  • Productivity: Good
  • Harvest: Late June to the beginning of July
  • Uses: Commercial processing, fresh eating
  • Other: Preferred in the Maritimes

Bush:

  • Shape: Weeping branches
  • Height: 1.5-2m

Compatible with:

  • Aurora
  • Berry Smart Blue
  • Honeybee

*For OK and poor companions please check compatibility chart.

Indigo Yum (9-92)

Unavailable until Fall 2017

Bloom time: End of April to End of May

Fruit:

  • Size: 1.29g
  • Flavor: Tangy, sweet (similar to Tundra but with more tang)
  • Shape: Stretched
  • Productivity: Good
  • Harvest: Late June to the beginning of July
  • Uses: Commercial processing, fresh eating
  • Other: Hard to propagate

Bush:

  • Shape: Weeping branches
  • Height: 1.5-2m

Compatible with:

  • Aurora
  • Berry Smart Blue
  • Honeybee

*For OK and poor companions please check compatibility chart.

Tundra

Bloom time: End of April to end of May

Fruit:

  • Size: 1.49g
  • Flavor: Sweet tangy, firm texture
  • Shape: Bullet shaped
  • Productivity: Good
  • Harvest: Late June to the beginning of July
  • Uses: Commercial Processing, fresh eating
  • Other: Does not bleed when picked

Bush:

  • Shape: Straight, and vigorous
  • Height: 1.5-1.8m

Compatible with:

  • Aurora
  • Berry Smart Blue
  • Honeybee

*For OK and poor companions please check compatibility chart.

Details

ABOUT HASKAPS

The Japanese have known about this plant for hundreds of years and the Russians have been collecting wild plants and breeding them since the 1950s. The University of Saskatchewan is once again leading the way in developing this as a Prairie-hardy fruit crop. Dr. Bob Bors has amassed one of the most diverse collections in the world, with plants from Russia, Japan, the Kuril Islands and Canada.

In 2007, the U. of S. released Borealis and Tundra, and three test selections, 9-91, 9-92 and 9-15, which are all Russian/Kuril Island hybrids. These were selected by Dr. Bors because they have larger fruit than Russian cultivars currently on the market, better taste and a nice round shape. But their cold-hardiness is probably their biggest attribute – they can survive extremely cold winters and will stay dormant if there is a short mid-winter warm spell. Another great thing is their early harvest, 2 weeks before strawberries. Ripe fruit are often ready by the end of June. They ripen uniformly, with all of the fruit ready at the same time, important for commercial production where mechanical harvesting could be used.

Visit Haskap Canada Association for morei nformation on producing and marketing Canadian haskaps or the University of Saskatchewan Haskap Research Program.

Haskap Compatibility Table

Haskap Planting Strategies

Here are few ideas from the University of Saskatchewan of how to plant haskaps (Companion X and Companion P). You will need to choose which cultivar you will want as your primary companion (X), and which cultivar you want as a secondary companion (P). In plan 1 the ratio is 1:1, in plan 2 the ratio is 1:2, and in plan 3 the ratio is 1:8.
(X=primary companion, P=secondary companion)

Plan 1)

  • XPXP
  • XPXP
  • XPXP
  • XPXP
  • XPXP
  • XPXP

Plan 2)

  • XPXXPX
  • XPXXPX
  • XPXXPX
  • XPXXPX
  • XPXXPX
  • XPXXPX
  • XPXXPX

Plan 3)

  • XXXXXXXXX
  • XPXXPXXPX
  • XXXXXXXXX
  • XXXXXXXXX
  • XPXXPXXPX
  • XXXXXXXXX

For example

X=Companion X (Aurora)
P= Companion P (Borealis)
Or
X=Companion X (Boreal Beauty)
P=Companion P (Boreal Beast)

*See our Compatibility Table for more choices.

 

PRUNING

No pruning on young plants

Late winter, early spring while dormant :

  • 4-6 years old start thinning
  • Remove centers for easier harvesting and better light
  • Renewal thinning after 2m
  • Early varieties are shorter and slower growing, so early pruning can slow them down
  • Honeybee and Berry Smart Blue need thinning at an early age

PLANTING & SPACING CHART

  • in Row spacing 4-5ft
  • Between Row spacing 12-18ft

Bloom and Harvest Periods

View price chart