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Shrubs

Shrubs

Shelterbelt trees and shrubs are used in one or more rows to protect an area from wind, as well as to protect livestock, crops, buildings, and roads from snow and wind. They can also enhance the biodiversity of an area. Click here for information on shelterbelt planning and establishment.

Shelterbelt trees and shrubs will be sold in bundles of 10.

Cultivars

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Buffaloberry- Silver

Flower/Fruit

  • Flower: Yellow
  • Fruit: Red, 3-6mm long, on female plants only
  • Other: Can be used for fruit production

Tree

  • Height: 4m (13ft) 10 years
  • Spread: 2m (7ft)
  • Sunlight: Full, does not tolerate shade
  • Other: Extremely hardy
    • Adapted to low quality, dry soil, stabilizes eroding soil
    • A nitrogen fixer
    • Developed specifically for temperate agroforestry
    • Excellent for farmstead, intercropping, Eco-buffers, reclamation, and wildlife habitat plantings
    • Provides wildlife with cover particularly upland game birds

Cherry- Pin

Flower/ Fruit

  • Flower: White
  • Fruit: Bright red, 5mm diameter, tart cherries
  • Other: Fruit can be jellied or dried

Tree

  • Height: 6m (20ft) 5 years
  • Spread: 3m (10ft)
  • Sunlight: Prefers full sunlight
  • Other:  Adapted to cold temperate climates
    • As a pioneer plant it will quickly colonize most disturbed sites
    • Grows well on a wide range of soils
    •  Excellent for farmstead and field shelterbelts, Eco-buffers, and wildlife habitat plantings
    • Song and game birds will use it for food and habitat.

Crabapple-Siberian

Flower/Fruit

  • Flower: White
  • Fruit: Red or yellow, 1-2cm
  • Other: Eaten by birds overwinter
    • Attract Cedar Waxwings

Tree

  • Height:6m (20ft) 5years
  • Spread: 5m (16ft)
  • Sunlight: Full sun is preferred, will tolerate light shade
  • Other:  Favors medium to heavy soils, that are somewhat poorly drained with a pH of 5.5 to 7.0
    • Use in shelterbelts, Eco-buffers, and wildlife habitat plantings

Elder-Red

Flower/Fruit

  • Flower: White
  • Fruit: Bright red, 5mm diameter, large clusters
  • Other: Hummingbirds like the nectar from the flowers
    • Fruit turns black with frost

Tree

  • Height: 3m (10ft) 5 years
  • Spread: 2m (7ft)
  • Sunlight: Prefers a sunny exposure, but will tolerate shade
  • Other: Use in Eco-buffers, and wildlife habitat plantings
    • Useful for soil stabilization and erosion control on moist sites including streambanks as it has rhizomes and dense roots
    • Fair to good food and cover birds, small and large mammals
    • Favors deeper, loamy sands, and silts
    •  Nutrient rich sites with good drainage, ample moisture and pH of 5.0 to 8.0

Hazelnut- from DNA Gardens

Unavailable until fall 2018

Selection from DNA Gardens

Flower/Fruit

  • Flower: Catkins
  • Fruit: Yellowish brown to brown nuts
  • Other: Nuts are edible

Tree

  • Height: 2m (7ft)
  • Spread: 1.5m (5ft)
  • Sunlight: Full sun or part shade
  • Other: Lovely fall color
    • No Suckers
    • Excellent bushy, very hardy, compact ornamental/fruit plant

Lilac- Villosa

Unavailable until spring 2018

Flower/Fruit

  • Flower: Fades to light pink as it matures
  • Fruit: Tan capsules

Tree

  • Height: 5m (16ft)
  • Spread: 2.5 (8ft)
  • Sunlight:
  • Other: Use in shelterbelts
    • Drought resistant
    • Non-suckering
    • Provides wind and snow protection

Pear- Ussurian

Flower/Fruit

  • Flower: WhiteUssurian Pear from Bill
  • Fruit: Yellow pear shaped, 3-4cm in diameter
  • Other: Fruit ripens in September
    • Fruit is hard, but may have use in jams or jelly
    • Sweetens after a frost
    • All plants produce fruit

Tree

  • Height: 7m (23ft)
  • Spread: 4m (13ft)
  • Sunlight:
  • Other: Use in field and farmstead shelterbelts, intercropping, reclamation, and wildlife  habitat plantings
    • Leaves turn a yellow-orange in autumn
    • Well adapted to most soil types, does not like heavy clay, poorly drained, and high
    • lime soils, does well in sandy soils
    • Well adapted to cold temperate regions

Sea Buckthorn- Indian Summer

Flower/Fruit

  • Flower: Male-brownish
  • Fruit: Orange, 3-6mm long
  • Other: Berries remain on shrubs over winter
    • Fruit has a wide range of uses
    • 4-6 years to produce fruit

Tree

  • Height: 4m (13ft) 10 years
  • Spread: 2m (7ft)
  • Sunlight: Requires full sunlight, does not tolerate shade
  • Other: Use in field and farm shelterbelts, intercropping, reclamation, wildlife habitat  plantings, and provides wildlife valuable cover
    • One of the most versatile agroforestry plants
    •  Fixes nitrogen in soil, stabilizes eroding soil
    • Extremely hardy, adapted to low quality, droughty soils
    • Seeds make mixture of male and female plants
    • Recognized by many as a very nutritional plant
    • This seed strain was developed specifically for agroforestry
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