Trees

Trees

Shelterbelt trees and shrubs are used in one or more rows to protect an area from wind, as well as to protect livestock, crops, buildings, and roads from snow and wind. They can also enhance the biodiversity of an area. Click here for information on shelterbelt planning and establishment.

Shelterbelt trees and shrubs will be sold in bundles of 10.

These plants are propagated by seed, except for the hybrid poplar which are done by cuttings.

Cultivars

Compare Cultivars

Ash- Green

Fruit/Seeds/ Cones

  • Fruit: One oval winged samara

Tree

  • Height: 15m (49ft) 25 years
  • Spread: 5m (6ft)
  • Leaves: Green, yellowish brown in fall
  • Sunlight:
  • Other: Adapts to a wide variety of soils and climates
    • Use in farmstead and field shelterbelts, and Eco-buffer
    • Plant in areas where a moderately fast growing, tough tree is needed
    • Can withstand long periods of spring flooding

Birch- White

Fruit/Seeds/ Cones

  • Seeds: Nutlet with membranous wings

Tree

  • Height: 6-12m (20-40ft)
  • Spread: 6m (20ft)
  • Leaves: Coarsely serrated green leaves, yellow in fall
  • Sunlight: Full sun
  • Other: Use as a shelterbelt tree, accent plant
    • After 4-6 years white, papery peeling bark, inner bark is a reddish orange, turning   black as it ages
    • Tolerates a wide range of soils

Elm-American

Fruit/Seeds/ Cones

  • Seeds:    Circular samara

Tree

  • Height:    35m (98ft)
  • Spread:    15m (50ft)
  •   Leaves:    Dark green oval shaped leaves, bright yellow in the fall
  • Sunlight:    Full sun, but will tolerate partial shade
  • Other:    Vase shaped growth habit, provides shade with its wide dense canopy
    • Salt tolerant
    • Use for urban planting as the roots are non-invasive

Hybrid Poplar- AC Sundancer

Unavailable until fall 2019

Fruit/Seeds/ Cones

  • Seeds: No fluff, male clone

Tree

  • Height: 12m (40ft)
  • Spread: 3m (10ft)
  • Leaves: Green, yellow leaves in fall
  • Sunlight: Full sun
  • Other: Use for agroforestry, and landscaping makes an attractive hedge
    • Developed at the Agroforestry Centre in Indian Head, SK
    • Grows well in a variety of soils
    • Disease resistant
    • Columnar
    • Fast growing
    • Zone 1-4

For more information http://www.poplar.ca/article/publications-131.asp

Hybrid Poplar- Okanese

Unavailable until fall 2019

Fruit/Seeds/ Cones

  • Seeds: No fluff, male clone

Tree

  • Height: 18m (60ft)
  • Spread: 8m (26ft)
  • Leaves: Green, yellow leaves in fall
  • Sunlight: Full sun
  • Other: Use for agroforestry, shelterbelts, and landscaping
    • Developed at the Agroforestry Centre in Indian Head, SK
    • Disease resistant, drought and cold tolerant
    • Grows on a wide variety of soils

For more information http://www.poplar.ca/article/publications-131.asp

Olive-Russian

Fruit/Seeds/ Cones

  • Fruit:    Small silver fruit, 2cm
  • Flower:    Yellow aromatic flowers

Tree

  • Height:    6-9m (20-30ft)
  • Spread:    5-6m (15-20ft)
  • Leaves:    Silver, fuzzy lance shaped leaves, 4-8cm (1.5-3in)
  • Sunlight:    Full sun
  • Other:    Drought and salt tolerant
    • Use in shelterbelt and to combat erosion
    • Can be invasive in warmer areas, and can invade watersheds

Pine- Lodgepole

 

Unavailable until fall 2019

Fruit/Seeds/ Cones

  • Cone: Short cylindrical to egg shaped cone, 2-5cm (1-2in)
    • Cones have scales which have a small prickle
    • Cones remain on tree for many years

Tree

  • Height: 12-25m (40-80ft)
  • Spread: 6m (20ft)
  • Leaves: Long sharply pointed yellowish green needles , 2.5-8cm (1-3in)  in bundles of 2
    • Forms dense clusters towards ends of twigs
  • Sunlight: Full sun
  • Other: Useful for shelterbelts, and is important food for wildlife and for shelter
    • One of the most drought tolerant native conifers
    • Grows in a wide range of soils
    • Can tolerate shade

Pine-Ponderosa

Fruit/Seeds/ Cones

  • Cone:    Narrowly oval 7-14cm (2.5-5.5in)
    • Cones have scales which have a sharp rigid prickle

Tree

  • Height:    15-20m (49-65ft) from seed sourced at Indian Head, SK
  • Spread:    8m (26ft)
  • Leaves:    Long green needles, 12-20cm (5-8in), in bundles of 3
  • Sunlight:    Full sun, shade intolerant
  • Other:    From an ultra-hardy seed source
    • Drought tolerant due to its vigorous taproot which allows for growth on dry sites and to anchor firmly into the soil.
    • Useful in shelterbelts and ecobuffers as a tall relatively fast growing tree

Pine- Scots

Fruit/Seeds/Cones

  • Cone: Long, roundish shape, dull tawny yellow 3-7cm (1-3 in)
    • Produces winged seeds that are released before the cone drops
    • Cones take 2 years to mature

Tree

  • Height: 18m (60ft)
  • Spread: 5m (16ft)
  • Leaves: Blue green needles in bundles of 2, 3-7 cm (1-3 in.) long
    • Excellent needle retention
  • Sunlight: Grows best in sunny exposures, but will tolerate shade
  • Other: Well adapted for agroforestry planting in dry, cold regions
    • Use in field and farmstead shelterbelts
    • Use for soil stabilization, and erosion control on dry sites since it has dense roots
    • Resistant to winter browning
    • Provides good cover for birds, as well as small and large mammals

Spruce- Colorado (Blue)

Fruit/Seeds/Cones

  • Cone: Long straw colored cones 6-10cm (2.5-4in)
    • Cones require 1 full year to mature, and drop in fall and winter
    • Winged seeds shed in August

Tree                                                                                              

  • Height: 18m (60ft)
  • Spread: 8m (26ft)
  • Leaves: Silvery blue needles, 2 -3 cm (0.75- 1.25 in.)
  • Sunlight: Grows best in sunny exposures, but will tolerate shade
  • Other: Use in farmstead shelterbelts
    • Dense crown provides excellent habitat for song birds and thermal cover for    mammals
    • Cold and drought hardiness
    • Useful for soil stabilization and erosion control on moist sites as they have dense shallow roots
    • Grows on a wide variety of soils, but prefers loamy soils with a pH of 5.0-7.0

Spruce- White

Fruit/Seeds/Cones

  • Cones: Brown cylindrical cones 4-5cm (1.5-2in)
    • Open in September, drop in winter or spring

Tree

  • Height: 18m (60ft)
  • Spread: 5m (16ft)
  • Leaves: Sharply pointed green needles, usually less than 19 mm (0.75 in.)
  • Sunlight: Grows best in sunny exposures, but will tolerate shade
  • Other: Use in farmstead shelterbelts
    • Dense crown provides excellent habitat for song birds and thermal cover for    mammals
    • Useful for soil stabilization and erosion control on moist sites as they have dense shallow roots
    •  Excellent wood quality for lumber
    • Extremely hardy and adapts to a wide range of growing conditions
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