cherry
Dwarf Sour Cherries & Sour Cherries

Dwarf Sour Cherries & Sour Cherries

(Prunus spp.)

The first dwarf sour cherry, Carmine Jewel, was released by the University of Saskatchewan in 1999, after several years of crossing short Mongolian cherries with cold tolerant cultivars from Minnesota. The combination of the two types of cherries is a plant that is easy to harvest, has excellent hardiness and good fruiting characteristics. Unlike sour cherries, which can grow 15-35 feet tall, dwarf sour cherries grow to only 6-8 feet, making hand-picking or mechanized harvesting very easy.

Fruit ripen early (mid-July to mid-August) and have superior flavor and quality. Leaving the fruit on the tree into late summer gives sweeter fruit, so don’t be anxious to pick that first red cherry. Click here to see more information about Carmine Jewel and the Romance Series from the University of Saskatchewan.  For information about production and promotion of the University of Saskatchewan Dwarf Sour Cherries, you can visit Canadian Cherry Producers Inc.

Cultivars

Compare cultivars Dwarf sour cherries and Sour cherries

Carmine Jewel

*The first dwarf sour cherry from the University of Saskatchewan’s cherry breeding program.

Fruit :

  • Fruit: Has dark purple skin and flesh (3.5 to 4 grams)
  • Productivity : High productivity and fruit with small pits
  • Brix: Brix rating of 17
  • Harvest: Early harvest: it ripens first in the season, late July-early August.
  • Uses: Good for fresh eating and processing

Bush:

  • Height: Grows to 6.5 ft.
  • Suckering: Low suckering

Crimson Passion

Unavailable until Fall 2017

*Crimson Passion takes a little time to get going but it is worth the wait.

Fruit:

  • Fruit: Dark red fruit; flesh more firm than other cultivars (6 grams)
  • Brix: High sugar content at 22 Brix
  • Harvest: Ripens early to mid-August.
  • Uses: Good for processing and fresh eating

Bush:

  • Height: Grows to about 5.5 ft.
  • Suckering: Lowest suckering of all the dwarf sour cherries

Cupid

*Cupid was once called BL, for Big and Late

Fruit:

  • Fruit: Has large dark red fruit (6.5 grams)
  • Brix: Concentrated flavor with 19 Brix
  • Harvest: Ripens late August-early September
  • Uses: Good for fresh eating and processing

Bush:

  • Height: Grows to 6.5 ft.
  • Suckering: Low suckering

Juliet

Unavailable until Fall 2017

*A good fresh-eating cherry with excellent flavor, and known for its sweetness.

Fruit:

  • Fruit: Dark red fruit (5 gram)
  • Brix: A real sweetie at 20 brix
  • Harvest: Ripens early-mid August
  • Uses: Good for fresh eating and processing

Bush:

  • Height: Grows to 6.5 ft.
  • Suckering: Low suckering

Romeo

Unavailable until Fall 2017

*A vigorous cultivar that is doing very well in our greenhouses.

Fruit:

  • Fruit: Dark red/black fruit weighs about 4 gram
  • Brix: High brix rating of 22
  • Harvest: Ripens late August-early September.
  • Uses: Excellent for fresh eating and processing; one of the best for juice

Bush:

  • Height: Grows to 6.5 ft.
  • Suckering: Low suckering

Valentine

*Valentine has the highest vigor and productivity of the U. of S. Romance cherries.

Fruit:

  • Fruit: Medium red fruit (4.5 gram) have light red flesh and juice
  • Brix: Brix rating of 15
  • Harvest: Ripens early-mid August.
  • Uses: Good for processing.
    • Too tart for most people for fresh-eating; good for pies.

Bush:

  • Height: Grows to 8 ft.
  • Suckering: Some suckering

Evans (Prunus cerasus)

*Selected by Dr. Ieuen Evans

Fruit:

  • Fruit: Bright red fruit with translucent yellow colored flesh
  • Harvest: Harvest late July, they will get sweeter if left on the plant longer
  • Uses: Fresh eating, processing
  • Brix: 13

Bush:

  • Height: 8-10 ft. tall

Rose (Lutowka) Cherry (Prunus cerasus)

*Introduced from Poland

Fruit:

  • Fruit: Large dark colored fruit

Bush:

  • Height: 3-5 ft. tall, if planted in a protected location can be taller
  • Other: Hardy to Zone 3

Details

Dwarf Sour Cherries

Romance series :

In 2003, the U. of S. released 5 more hardy dwarf sour cherries under the Romance series: Crimson Passion, Cupid, Juliette, Romeo and Valentine. Some of these cultivars are better for fresh eating; others are good for processing and juicing.  Which one to plant? Planting all 6 gives a harvest from the end of July to mid-September. Each cultivar has about a 3-week harvest period. Expect some fruit 3 years after planting, with greater yield after 5 years, and peak capacity after 7 years.

Sugar content :

Brix ratings reflect the sweetness of the cherry – the higher the Brix, the sweeter the cherry. The highest Brix readings are found in Crimson Passion, Romeo and Juliet. While Carmine Jewel is not the sweetest of our cherries, it is still one of the most popular, for its excellent hardiness, dark red cherries, and consistently high production.

Pruning

Pruning:

  • In April (before plants begin to leaf out)
  • Selective rejuvenation
  • Remove some of the older less productive branches to promote new growth.
  • Remove suckers

PLANTING & SPACING CHART

Dwarf Sour Cherries  :

  • In Row spacing 5-7ft
  • Between Row spacing 12-18ft

Evans Sour Cherry :

  • In Row spacing 6-8ft
  • Between Row spacing 12-18ft
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